Retinex theory addresses the problem of separating the illumination from the reflectance in a given image and thereby compensating for non-uniform lighting. This is in general an ill-posed problem. In this paper we propose a variational model for the Retinex problem that unifies previous methods. Similar to previous algorithms, it assumes spatial smoothness of the illumination field. In addition, knowledge of the limited dynamic range of the reflectance is used as a constraint in the recovery process. A penalty term is also included, exploiting apriori knowledge of the nature of the reflectance image. The proposed formulation adopts a Bayesian view point of the estimation problem, which leads to an algebraic regularization term that contributes to better conditioning of the reconstruction problem.
Cite this article:
Manish Kumar, Chinmay Chandrakar. An Overview of Image enhancement techniques. Int. J. Tech. 1(1): Jan.-June. 2011; Page 15-19