Journal :   International Journal of Technology

Volume No. :   4

Issue No. :  2

Year :  2014

Pages :   260-264

ISSN Print :  2231-3907

ISSN Online :  2231-3915


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Effects of different level of Cowdung and N P K fertilizer on the growth and yield of Watermelon (Citrillus lanatus L.) in Gombe State, Nigeria



Address:   Sabo M. U.*, Shuaibu Y. M., Fagam A. S. and Jibrin A. D.
1Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author
DOI No:

ABSTRACT:
A field experiment was conducted at Deba, Yamaltu Deba local government, Gombe state during the 2012 rainy season, to evaluate the effects of different levels of cowdung manure and N P K fertilizer on the growth and yield of Watermelon (Citrillus lanatus L). The treatments consisted of four levels of N P K fertilizer (0, 100, 150 and 200 kg/ha),four levels of cowdung (2.5,5, 7.5 and 10 t/ha) and a combination of cowdung 1.25 t + 50 kg NPK, cowdung 2.5 t + 75 kg NPK and cowdung 3.75 + 100 kg NPK/ha. All the treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (R C B D) with three replications. The parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, number of male and female flowers, number of fruits per plant and weight of fruits at harvest. The result of the experiment showed that, application of cowdung at a rate of 1.25 t + 50 kg NPK/ha significantly (P=0.05) increased plant height, number of leaves, number of flowers and weight of fruits per plant. It was further observed that, application of cowdung at the rate of 10 t/ha, and a combination of 1.25 t + 50 kg NPK and 2.5 t + 75 kg NPK/ha gave statistically the same result and were found to produced the highest yield than the other treatments used. Therefore, based on this result, the applications of cowdung in combination with NPK fertilizer at a rate of 1.25 t + 50 kg/ha, is recommended for profitable production of watermelon in the study area.
KEYWORDS:
Fertilizer, cowdung, manure, yield, watermelon.
Cite:
Sabo M. U., Shuaibu Y. M., Fagam A. S., Jibrin A. D. Effects of different level of Cowdung and N P K fertilizer on the growth and yield of Watermelon (Citrillus lanatus L.) in Gombe State, Nigeria. Int. J. Tech. 4(2): July-Dec. 2014; Page 260-264
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